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Wildlife Mitigation & Monitoring

Providing Protected Species Observers (PSOs) is at the heart of Smultea Sciences. We recognize that our ability to deliver exceptional PSO services begins and ends with our people. For this reason, we commit significant resources each year toward dedicated PSO recruitment, training, retention, and career advancement and education initiatives.


Services we officer include:


  • Protected Species Observation (PSO) Services 

  • ​Passive Acoustic Monitoring (PAM) Services

    • ​Aerial – Vessel – Terrestrial – Acoustic

    • Real-time mapping with Mysticetus™️software

  • Data Management/Analysis/Reports

  • NMFS-Approved PSO/PAM Training

  • Terrestrial and Marine Wildlife, including birds

  • Sturgeon/Fish Monitoring/Observer Services

Project Examples

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NYSERDA Aerial Surveys for Endangered Whales off New York

New York State Energy Research and Development Authority

CLIENT: Tetra Tech 

  • Served as Principal Investigator and Lead Aerial Observer for monthly week long line transect aerial surveys for marine mammals and sea turtle from shoreline to edge of the continental shelf off the state of Atlantic.  

  • Designed survey protocols and led data analysis and reporting.

Offshore Wind Protected Species Observer (PSO) and Passive Acoustic Monitoring (PAM) Services

13 BOEM Lease Areas in the US Atlantic and Pacific

  • Marine Mammal Mitigation & Monitoring (PSO/PAM) during 24h operations

  • Applied technology: PAM, mounted infra-red (IR)/HD video, Mysticetus System, Night Vision Devices (NVDs), autonomous underwater vehicles/remote underwater vehicles (AUV/ROVs), SLR camera photography, reticle binoculars

  • Real-time North Atlantic Right Whale (NARW) mitigation measures and reporting

  • Data collection, QAQC analysis, and daily, weekly, monthly, 90-day, and annual regulatory reporting

  • Compliance/professional interpretation of NMFS Incidental Harassment Authorization permit and BOEM project lease regulatory requirements​​

Image by Torsten Dederichs
Palmer Station, Antarctica:
United States
Antarctic Program,
Pier Construction PSO

National Science Foundation

  • Developed and Implemented Protected Species Observer (PSO) monitoring and mitigation protocols for Antarctic marine mammals and penguins

  • Delivered customized PSO training to Palmer Station personnel to facilitate supplemental monitoring effort

  • Additional project information from the National Science Foundation can be found here:

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